National Institute of Aerospace
Computational Fluid Dynamics Seminar

A place to share ideas and problems for barrier-breaking developments

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▶ Contacts

Boris Diskin   [ E-mail ]
Hiroaki Nishikawa   [ E-mail ]
▶ Past Seminars

    Season 1 (2011-2012)
    Season 2 (2012-2013)
▶ NIA Researcher/Faculty
Boris Diskin, Ph.D.  
Research Fellow, NIA
Research Associate Professor,
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,
University of Virginia

Adjoint-based optimization methods, Finite-volume discretizations, Multigrid methods on structured/unstructured grids
Web | E-mail
Elbert Jeyapaul, Ph.D.  
Postdoctoral Fellow, NASA

Flow separation, Single-point turbulence modeling and LES.
Li-Shi Luo, Ph.D.  
The Richard F. Barry Jr. Distinguished Endowed Professor (in Residence, NIA)
Mathematics and Statistics,
Old Dominion University

Kinetic methods for CFD, Nonequilibrium flows, Complex fluids
Web | E-mail
Bill Moore, Ph.D.  
Professor in Residence, NIA
Atmospheric & Planetary Sciences,
Hampton University

Thermal Evolution of Planet and Satellite Inteiors, Dynamical Evolution of Planets and Satellites, Coupled Atmosphere-Interior Modeling of Planets, What Makes a Planetary Body Habitable?
Web | E-mail
Hiroaki Nishikawa, Ph.D.  
Sr. Research Scientist, NIA

Viscous/inviscid discretization and convergence acceleration methods for unstructured grids
Web | E-mail | CFD Notes                 View Hiroaki Nishikawa's LinkedIn profile Follow HiroNishikawa on Twitter
Matteo Parsani, Ph.D.  
Postdoctoral Fellow at NASA LaRC

high-order accurate methods for large-eddy simulation and aeroacoustics, efficient explicit and implicit time integrators and acceleration techniques for compressible flows
| E-mail
Sriram Rallabhandi, Ph.D.  
Sr. Research Engineer, NIA

Aircraft Design, Sonic Boom Modeling, Multi-Disciplinary Design Optimization, Aerodynamic Analysis, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Reduced Order Modeling and Model Order Reduction
Web | E-mail
Balaji Shankar Venkatachari, Ph.D.  
Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Resident at the NASA Langley Research Center in the Computational AeroSciences Branch, working on numerical algorithm development, Hypersonics, TPS modeling (continuum and multi-scale modeling), and CAA.
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NIA CFD Seminar Schedule

Click here to view the full list of videos.
Click the camera icon below to go directly to the video for each seminar.

04-22-2014   11:00am - noon   NIA Room 141      video

Walsh Functions in Numerical Simulation: A New Framework for Solving Nonlinear Systems of PDEs

A segmented, orthonormal basis function set composed of Walsh Functions is used for deriving global solutions (valid over the entire domain) to nonlinear differential equations that include discontinuities. A powerful, self-mapping characteristic of this set is closure under multiplication -- the product of any two elements of the set is also an element of the set: gn(x) gm(x) = gk(x) (xb - xa)^{-1/2}. In the same way that Fourier series are used to generate global solutions to linear problems, this self-mapping property under multiplication allows similar approaches to non-linear problems. A new derivation of the basis functions applies a fractal-like algorithm (infinitely self-similar) focused on the distribution of segment lengths. Only two segment lengths are allowed in a group p. A recursive-folding algorithm that propagates fundamental symmetries to successive functions in the series determines the distribution of segment lengths. Functions, including those with discontinuities, may be represented on the domain as a series in gn(x) with no occurrence of a Gibbs phenomenon (ringing) across the discontinuity. Integrals and derivatives are computed using simple matrix multiplication of series representations of functions without the need for divided differences. A FORTRAN module for supporting Walsh function simulations is discussed. Examples are discussed for solution of the time dependent problems: an advection equation, a Burgers equation, and a Riemann problem.

[ presentation file (pdf) | Movie (Shock Tube)] Peter Gnoffo

Speaker Bio: Dr. Peter Gnoffo is Senior Computational Aerothermodynamicist at NASA Langley Research Center. He earned his Ph.D in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Princeton University in 1983. He joined NASA in 1974 after receiving a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering from Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. The subject lecture follows recent work published in the Journal of Computational Physics, Vol 258, pp 650-688, Feb 2014, titled 'Global Series Solutions of Nonlinear Differential Equations with Shocks Using Walsh Functions.'

Relevant Publication: "Global Series Solutions of Nonlinear Differential Equations with Shocks using Walsh Functions'", Journal of Computational Physics, Volume 258, p. 650-688. [online ]

03-04-2014   11:00am - noon   NIA Room 137      video

Development of Fast and Efficient CFD Tools, HexaGrid and FaSTAR

We have developed efficient CFD tools: an automatic hexahedra grid generator "HexaGrid" and a fast flow solver "FaSTAR". HexaGrid can generate Cartesian-based unstructured grids with body-fitted layer grids just by inputting CAD geometry data and several control parameters such as surface grid sizes and domain sizes. Since the layer grids are generated by a projection method, the time-consuming work that repairs gaps and overlaps of surface data is minimized. FaSTAR is a compressible flow solver of unstructured grids. It employs a simple face-based data structure and this helps performance optimization of the codes. An agglomerated multigrid method is also utilized to accelerate convergence. The octree data structure of the Cartesian grid is used for the agglomeration to keep the coarse-grid quality. Steady and unsteady simulations with HexaGrid and FaSTAR are presented at the seminar. We finally show a future outlook of CFD code development.

[ presentation file (pdf) ] Atsushi Hashimoto

Speaker Bio: Dr. Atsushi Hashimoto is a researcher at Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). He earned Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering at Nagoya University, Japan in 2007. He joined JAXA in 2007. His area of expertise is aerodynamic prediction with unstructured-grid CFD, aeroacoustics, and aeroelasticity.

Relevant Publication: "Toward the Fastest Unstructured CFD Code 'FaSTAR'", AIAA2012-1075 [online]

02-18-2014   11:00am - noon   NIA Room 101      video

Evaluation of Multigrid Solutions for Turbulent Flows

A multigrid methodology has been recently developed in a NASA solver, FUN3D, and successfully applied for a wide range of turbulent flows, from simple two-dimensional geometries to realistic three-dimensional configurations. The methodology is applicable to structured- and unstructured-grid solutions and includes both regular and agglomerated coarse meshes. Significant speed-ups over single-grid computations have been demonstrated. In the current work, we report on a detailed evaluation of the solver performance in computing benchmark turbulent flows. For those benchmark computations, multigrid solutions are compared with the corresponding single-grid solutions in terms of time-to-solution characteristics measured in the same computing environment. Multigrid efficiency enables a grid-refinement study of a turbulent flow around an airfoil that is discussed in detail. This talk is an extended version of the talk presented at AIAA SciTech-2014 conference.

[ presentation file (pptx) ] Boris Diskin

Speaker Bio: Dr. Boris Diskin is Research Fellow at NIA. He earned Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics at The Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel in 1998. He was a Senior Research Scientist at ICASE and joined NIA from its inception in 2003. His area of expertise is adjoint-based optimization and grid adaptation methods, finite-volume discretizations, and multigrid methods.

12-03-2013   11:00am - noon   NIA Room 137      video

Higher-Order Moments and Their Modeling Approximations in a Turbulent Channel Flow Subjected to Mean Strain.

Third- and fourth-order moments and the budget terms in their transport equations are evaluated using results from Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of a turbulent channel flow at Re_tau = 395, to aid in the development of higher-order Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) closure models. These models have been proposed as a means of obtaining more accurate predictions of complex flows. Strain has been applied to this channel to mimic a spatially-evolving adverse pressure gradient flow leading to separation. Existing modeling hypothesis that relate higher-order moments to their lower-order moments, such as gradient diffusion and assumed probability distribution functions have been tested. Insights into where to focus modeling efforts will be presented.

[ presentation file (pdf) ] Elbert Jeyapaul

Speaker Bio: Dr. Elbert Jeyapaul is a post-doctoral fellow at NIA, working on RANS turbulence modeling. He received his doctorate in Aerospace engineering in 2011 from Iowa state university.

09-24-2013   11:00am - noon   NIA Room 101      video

The MOOD Method --- Multidimensional Optimal Order Detection -- a first a posteriori approach to Very-High-Order Finite Volumes methods.

This talk will be dedicated to the new type of very high-order Finite Volume methods for hyperbolic systems of conservation laws that I introduced and developed during my doctoral studies. This method, named MOOD for Multidimensional Optimal Order Detection, provides very accurate simulations for two- and three-dimensional unstructured meshes. The design of such a method is made delicate by the emergence of solution singularities (shocks, contact discontinuities) for which spurious phenomena (oscillations, nonphysical values creation, etc.) are generated by the high-order approximation. The originality of this work lies in a new treatment for theses problems. Contrary to classical methods which try to control such undesirable phenomena through an a priori limitation, we propose an a posteriori treatment approach based on a local scheme order decrementing. In particular, we show that this concept easily provides properties that are usually difficult to prove in a multidimensional unstructured framework (positivity-preserving for instance). The robustness and quality of the MOOD method have been numerically proved through numerous test cases in 2D and 3D for single-material compressible flows, and a significant reduction of computational resources (CPU and memory storage) needed to get state-of-the-art results has been shown. I will moreover present some preliminary results on my current work at LANL for the case of multi-material compressible flows.

[ presentation file (pdf) ] Steven Diot

Speaker Bio: Dr. Steven Diot is Postdoctoral Research Associate at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. He received his Ph.D. degree in Applied Mathematics from the University of Toulouse (France) in 2012. During his Ph.D. research studies, he developed a new approach to Very-High-Order Finite Volume methods for single-material compressible flows called the Multidimensional Optimal Order Detection (MOOD) method. An important part of his postdoctoral studies is the extension of the MOOD method to multi-material compressible flows and to coupled physics.

[ Home Page | PhD Defense Slides | Award-winning movie ]

09-10-2013   11:00am - noon   NIA Room 141      video

Non-equilibrium Pressure Considerations in Modeling Viscous Rotating Flows

Hamilton's Principal of Least Action has been employed to incorporate non-equilibrium fluid behavior in the study of simple viscous flows. The original goal was to clarify the role of bulk viscosity in modeling high-speed viscous and reacting flows.[1,2] The theory demonstrated that bulk viscous transport effects and non-equilibrium density effects coexisted, but were intertwined. Employing acoustically-based estimates for this overall bulk viscous effect, the theory predicted correctly the density-jump and shock thickness for air flows at various Mach numbers.[2] The theory also exhibited a separate non-equilibrium pressure effect, and the associated pressure relaxation coefficient could be estimated using acoustic data. Recently-published work [3] has identified a possible new low-speed sound source, while predicting that pressure deficits within the central cores of tornadoes and dust devils (and similarly aircraft trailing line vortices) can be substantially larger than equilibrium-based estimates. Modifying the Navier-Stokes equations to incorporate non-equilibrium pressure gradient forces in simple vortical flows resulted in an exact solution for an axial vortex [3] that bypasses the shear stress discontinuity found in Rankine vortex models by way of a a sheath-like non-equilibrium pressure zone that effectively isolates a rigidly-rotating central fluid region from an outer potential vortex region. Subsequently, the near-isolation of such a rotating central fluid column has been used to show that non-equilibrium pressure gradient forces can control the height of the central column. [4] The rotating column solution was employed successfully to predict the heights of terrestrial dust devil columns.

Non-equilibrium pressure gradient forces offer the potential for modeling Mars dust devil behavior more accurately, possibly enabling the estimation of maximum pressure deficits and swirl velocities via satellite observation. Of potentially greater importance, the theory may explain how streaks are formed and sustained in the wall region of turbulent boundary layers and thus offer the potential for improved turbulence models.

[ presentation file (pdf) ] Robert L. Ash

Speaker Bio: Dr. Robert L. (Bob) Ash joined the engineering faculty at Old Dominion University at the time when LaRC was heavily involved in the design and development of their spectacularly successful Viking missions to Mars. His research has been sponsored primarily by NASA, and accomplishments have ranged from co-inventing riblets for turbulent skin friction drag reduction through determination that the most cost-effective and practical way to accomplish sample return and human missions to Mars was to manufacture the rocket propellant required for the return trip in situ using local Mars water and carbon dioxide (while he was working as a National Research Council Senior Resident Researcher at JPL). He and now-retired LaRC scientist, Dr. Allan J. Zuckerwar, have been collaborating for more than 30-years, working to develop a better understanding of the role of bulk viscosity in modeling fluid behavior, and that effort has led to the work that will be discussed in this seminar. Professor Ash is designated as an Eminent Scholar in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Departmetn at Old Dominion University.
[ Home Page ]
Relevant Publications: 1. Zuckerwar, A. J. and R.L. Ash, "Variational approach to the volume viscosity of fluids", Physics of Fluids, Vol. 18, 047101 (10 pages), April 2006.
[ journal ]

2. Zuckerwar, A.J., and R.L. Ash, "Volume viscosity in fluids with multiple dissipative processes", Physics of Fluids, Vol. 21, 033105 (12 pages), March 2009.
[ journal ]

3. Ash, R.L., I. Zardadkhan, and A.J. Zuckerwar, "The influence of pressure relaxation on the structure of an axial vortex", Physics of Fluids, Vol. 23, 073101, (12 pages), July 2011.
[ journal ]

4. Ash, R.L. and I.R. Zardadkhan, "Non-equilibrium pressure control of the height of a large-scale, ground-coupled, rotating fluid column", Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, 053101, (20 pages), doi: 10.1063/1.4807068, May 2013.
[ journal ]

08-27-2013   11:00am - noon   NIA Room 141      video

Chaotic adjoint: from massive linear algebra to a light-weight wrapper of existing solvers

Many high fidelity unsteady flow simulations at high Reynolds number exhibit chaotic dynamics. Failure of conventional tangent and adjoint solvers for these simulations has been demonstrated on flow solvers including FUN3D. The Least Squares Shadowing approach recently developed by the speaker overcomes the ill-conditioning of chaotic dynamical system, and lead to stable tangent and adjoint sensitivity analysis. This talk will start with the problem faced in chaotic adjoint. We then introduce the Least Squares Shadowing approach, and the massive space-time 4D linear system it requires to solve. Finally, we show how solving the linear system can be reduced to a light-weight wrapper of an existing PDE and adjoint solver.

[ presentation file (pdf) ] Qiqi Wang

Speaker Bio: Dr. Qiqi Wang is Assistant Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics in Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His areas of expertise include design, optimization and uncertainty quantification, unsteady flows, aeroelastics and aeromechanics, computational sensitivity analysis. [ Home Page ]

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